By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr., Lawrence Davidson
The 9th variation of this greatly acclaimed textual content by way of Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. and Lawrence Davidson has been generally revised to mirror the newest scholarship and the newest occasions within the center East. As an creation to the heritage of this turbulent zone from the beginnings of Islam to the current day, the booklet is amazing by way of its transparent type, extensive scope, and balanced remedy. It makes a speciality of the evolution of Islamic associations and tradition, the impression of the West, the modernization efforts of center jap governments, the fight of assorted peoples for political independence, the process the Arab-Israeli clash, the reassertion of Islamic values and gear, the problems surrounding the Palestinian query, and the jobs of Iraq and Iran within the post-9/11 center East. 9 maps newly commissioned for the 9th version spotlight key points of center East background. well known learn aids, the chronology and the thesaurus, were greatly revised, and the superlative bibliographic essay, an important advisor to extra analyzing, has been completely rewritten to mirror present scholarship.
About the Authors
Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. is professor emeritus of heart East background at Pennsylvania kingdom collage. he's the writer of contemporary Egypt: beginning of a geographical region and the recipient of the Amoco origin Award for striking educating and the 2000 center East reports organization Mentoring Award.
Lawrence Davidson is professor of historical past at West Chester college. he's the writer of numerous books, together with America’s Palestine and Islamic Fundamentalism.
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The 9th variation of this commonly acclaimed textual content by means of Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. and Lawrence Davidson has been generally revised to mirror the newest scholarship and the latest occasions within the center East. As an creation to the background of this turbulent zone from the beginnings of Islam to the current day, the publication is extraordinary by way of its transparent kind, wide scope, and balanced therapy.
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Extra info for A Concise History of the Middle East (9th Edition)
Modern scholarship has shown that the books of the Bible were written down only after some time had passed since they were revealed. Muslims ask, therefore, whether Jews changed some passages of the Torah to depict themselves as God’s chosen people (a concept rejected by Islam) or whether Christians rewrote the Gospels to prove the divinity of Jesus of Nazareth (for Muslims maintain that no human can be God). The Quran, however, is God’s perfect revelation. It has existed in heaven since time began.
To Muslims, God is all-powerful and all-knowing, the creator of all that was and is and will be, the righteous judge of good and evil, and the generous guide to men and women through inspired messengers and divine scriptures. God has no peer, no partner, no oﬀspring, no human attributes, no beginning, and no end. La ilaha ill Allah, Muhammad rasul Allah (There is no god whatever but the one God; Muhammad is the messenger of God). This is the ﬁrst of the famous ﬁve pillars of Islam; it can be found in the muezzin’s call to worship; it is emblazoned in white letters on the green ﬂag of Saudi Arabia.
But more powerful in God’s scheme of things are angels, the heavenly servants who obey the divine will. God did not reveal the Quran directly to Muhammad but sent the Angel Gabriel to do so. Angels taught him how to pray. An angel will blow a horn to herald the Judgment Day. When each of us dies, we will be questioned by a pair of angels. Satan, called Iblis or al-Shaytan in Arabic, was a jinn who ﬂouted God’s command to bow down to Adam. Having fallen from grace, he now tries to corrupt men and women.