Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004: Mountain strongholds by Mir Bahmanyar

By Mir Bahmanyar

Following the Soviet invasion in 1979, the Mujahideen defenders of Afghanistan built and bolstered many traditional cave platforms to exploit as provide bases and protective positions. The Taliban and Al Qaeda extra bolstered those positions within the Nineteen Nineties. Following the occasions of September eleven, 2001, those cave structures have once again come to prominence and websites similar to Tora Bora and Zhawar Kili have featured in information headlines worldwide. This name presents an research of those caves and underground platforms, and discusses the U.S.-led Coalition's tactical method of dislodging the enemy from those fortified positions.

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Extra info for Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen, Taliban & Al Qaeda (Fortress, Volume 26)

Example text

The Mujahideen attacked the DRA lines of communication and the airfield at Khost, while the Mujahideen holding the Manay Kandow Pass checked their advance. A plan was formed to reinforce the effort with three DRA regiments, a DRA spetsnaz battalion and six Soviet battalions. Twelve days were allocated to prepare for resumption of the operation. Once again Following urgent requests from the leadership of the DRA, five battalions of Soviet forces were sent to Khost and Tani between April 5 and 9.

His “Right away” lasted 15 minutes. Kutsenko again called him and ordered that they cease work and depart. ” Kutsenko then I told him “You may stay here for an hour, but your soldiers need to quickly join the convoy. The Mujahideen are here and we Lieutenant Christopher Blaha of the 1st Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment, 10th Mountain Division, gets ready to throw a grenade into a cave, April 6, 2004. S. qxd A soldier with 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division (Light), pulls security for a squad of soldiers climbing the mountain in search of caves, April 4, 2004.

Enemy air defense of fortified bases began around 2 1⁄2 –31⁄2 miles out from the main base area. Air defenses included heavy antiaircraft machine guns and occasional surface-to-air missiles located on high mountain ridges. The concentration of air defenses gradually increased toward the center of main bases and fortified areas. The number of heavy machine guns defending a base varied depending on its size and importance, but could range from 60 to 80 pieces in a particular area. Crews were tough.

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