Alternative Theories of the State by Steven Pressman (eds.)

By Steven Pressman (eds.)

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Saleable on the market. Thus, the industrialist's markets were secured in a double sense. First, as mentioned, the factors of production were for sale on the market, reliably so because their owners were dependent on the market to earn an income with which to provision their substantive requirements. Second, the industrialist secured a reliable market for his output, the effective demand to fulfill these same requirements. We are not, of course, contending that market capitalism is stable in the sense of the modern concern for economic stabilization.

Since the state is morally required to compensate each individual for any intrusion on their individual rights that occurs as a result of state activities, this creates a moral necessity for a minimal state, one that carries out no functions beyond protecting individual rights. (Nozick, 1974: 118-19) From the same methodological foundations employed in the construction of neoclassical economics, Nozick provides a moral argument for the minimal state that is consistent with most of neoclassical economics.

Technology The technology and techniques available for addressing a problem limit the ability of the state to solve certain problems. At the simplest level, if we lack the knowledge and ability to solve a particular problem, there is little to be done except to learn more. Also, when we have the technology to solve a problem, the technology may render the state ineffective for implementing the technology. Environmental compatibility Solutions to problems must address the reality that problems occur in a particular environment and problem-solving behavior will impact that environment.

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