By USMC (Ret.), Colonel Joseph H. Alexander
The second one conflict of Seoul was once the conflict to recapture Seoul from the North Koreans in past due September 1950. the development on Seoul used to be gradual and bloody, after the landings at Inchon. the explanation was once the looks within the Seoul region of 2 firstclass struggling with devices of the North Korean People's military, the 78th autonomous Infantry Regiment and twenty fifth Infantry Brigade, approximately 7,000 troops in all. The NKPA introduced a T-34 assault, which used to be trapped and destroyed, and a Yak bombing run in Incheon harbor, which did little harm. The NKPA tried to stall the UN offensive to permit time to augment Seoul and withdraw troops from the south. even though warned that the method of taking Seoul might let final NKPA forces within the south to flee, MacArthur felt that he used to be absolute to honor offers given to the South Korean govt to retake the capital once attainable. at the moment day, vessels wearing the U.S. Army's seventh Infantry department arrived in Incheon Harbor. basic Almond was once desirous to get the department into place to dam a potential enemy stream from the south of Seoul. at the morning of September 18, the division's 2d Battalion of the thirty second Infantry Regiment landed at Incheon and the rest of the regiment went ashore later within the day. the following morning, the second Battalion moved as much as relieve an U.S. Marine battalion occupying positions at the correct flank south of Seoul. in the meantime, the seventh Division's thirty first Infantry Regiment got here ashore at Incheon. accountability for the area south of Seoul road handed to seventh department at 18:00 on September 19. The seventh Infantry department then engaged in heavy combating with North Korean infantrymen at the outskirts of Seoul. ahead of the conflict, North Korea had only one understrength department within the urban, with the vast majority of its forces south of the capital. MacArthur individually oversaw the first Marine Regiment because it fought via North Korean positions at the highway to Seoul. keep an eye on of Operation Chromite used to be then given to significant common Edward Almond, the X Corps commander. common Almond used to be in an important hurry to trap Seoul via September 25, precisely 3 months of the North Korean attack around the thirty eighth parallel. On September 22, the Marines entered Seoul to discover it seriously fortified. Casualties fixed because the forces engaged in determined house-to-house combating. nervous to pronounce the conquest of Seoul, Almond declared the town liberated on September 25 although Marines have been nonetheless engaged in house-to-house wrestle. This U.S. Marine Corps heritage offers special information regarding a tremendous element of the Korean battle. matters coated during this historical past comprise: the first Marine department; significant normal Oliver P. Smith; Seoul/Wonsan crusade; aerial clinical evacuation; shut air help within the recapture of Seoul; marine strive against automobiles; Bushmaster; 1950 road combating.
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Extra resources for Battle of the Barricades: U.S. Marines in the Recapture of Seoul (Marines in the Korean War Commemorative Series)
From 200 yards away the NKPA barricade looked unassailable: I took one look at the AT [antitank] muzzle blasts kicking aside the pall of smoke over the roadblock, and I glanced at the thin flicker of automatic fire running across the barricade like a single line of flame and dived off the sidewalk into an alley. Stanford’s radio failed at this critical juncture. He had the option of bypassing Company F and the barricade and carrying out his assigned mission along the right fork, notwithstanding his naked left flank, or bowling straight ahead through Company F, smashing the barricade, and attacking with Company E up the left fork.
Smith, inspect the North Korean flag that recently was hauled down by Marines at Government House in Seoul. Photo courtesy of Leatherneck Magazine 49 Major General Oliver P. Smith laid a wreath on the grave of Corporal Richard C. Matheny, a stalwart squadleader of the 5th Marines who before his death qualified in swift succession for the Bronze Star, Silver Star, and Navy Cross. The combined Inchon-Seoul campaign cost the 1st Marine Division 2,450 casualties, according to the official history (415 killed or died of wounds; 2,029 wounded in action; 6 missing in action).
Barrow asked rhetorically. “Puller was Photo by Frank Noel, Associated Press The North Koreans built their barricades with burlap bags filled with dirt, rubble, or rice. Each position took the Marines an average of 45 to 60 minutes to overcome. Here a Marine rifleman scampers through a recently abandoned barricade during heavy fighting in Seoul’s downtown business district. being pushed by somebody in division. ” Top-level pressure notwithstanding, the two lead battalions of the 1st Marines could advance only 2,000 yards on the 25th.