By P. Segeren
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60 Beekeeping in the tropics If you want to be able to close the opening in the ventilation screen, hinge a piece of wood the same size as the notch to the bar. In the open position this little door serves as flight board. For hives where the honey chamber is next to the brood chamber (and not on top of it) make a similar frame to separate the two. In this case it is not necessary to make a flight entrance in the frame, as the honey chamber has its own flight entrance. Place the ventilation screen on top of the hive of the first colony, and then put the hive of the colony which is to be united with it on top of the travelling frame.
The queen excluder is placed between the honey area and the brood area. The width of the openings must be adjusted to the size of the 38 Beekeeping in the tropics bees. The workers, but not the queen, should be able to pass through the excluder. In this way the queen can be locked up in the brood chamber. The workers should be able to pass through the grid without any hindrance so that they can store the collected food in the honey area (that is why the oblong openings should run parallel to the combs).
Toads In the humid tropics toads are notorious bee-eaters. In this case always place the hives at least 50 cm above the ground. Ants, termites In many areas ants are a great threat to bees, and care must be taken to protect the bees from them. One solution is to suspend the hives with wires. A second solution is to use hive stands which are protected from ants and termites by grease (figure 21). Fix a collar of zinc or aluminium to each leg of the stand and grease the underside of these collars once a year with old crankcase oil.