Borderlands of Western Civilization: A History of East by Oscar Halecki

By Oscar Halecki

Книга Borderlands of Western Civilization: A historical past of East valuable Europe Borderlands of Western Civilization: A historical past of East significant Europe Книги Исторические Автор: Oscar Halecki Год издания: 2001 Формат: pdf Издат.:Simon courses Страниц: 556 Размер: 1,1 ISBN: 096657348X Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Written through the recognized Polish historian, this can be arguably the easiest, such a lot accomplished paintings at the topic ever released within the English language.

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Today we know that even Photius break with Rome in 867 was by no means final, but the whole ecclesiastical conflict which lasted until 880 prepared the schism of the future. And even Ignatius, who again occupied the See of Constantinople from 867 to 877, opposed Rome in the matter of the new Bulgarian church which he wanted to place under his own authority. The Emperor, too, though eager to remain in good relations with the Papacy, was adamant in the Bulgarian problem, and finally Boris, who was baptized in 864, after trying to find out which side would grant the greater autonomy to the new Bulgarian church, decided in favor of Byzantium, a solution which obviously was also dictated by geographic conditions and by the whole past history of the territory occupied by the Bulgars.

Some scholars have even expressed the opinion that the Greek population was completely Slavized, an obvious exaggeration, since the Slavs rarely succeeded in taking the more important cities which they besieged, but which remained Greek as did most of the Mediterranean coast. But while scattered Slavic settlers came under the influence of Greek culture even more than in Serbia, they in turn so strongly influenced the Bulgar conquerors that even their language was adopted by the latter, and already in its pagan period the new state must be considered Bulgaro-Slavic.

And since the names Russia and Russian are specifically applied to the nation which in later centuries was formed precisely in that northeastern colonial region, it is highly questionable to identify these names with Rus and to apply them to all East-Slavic tribes, even to those who are the ancestors of the present-day Ukrainians and White Russians or Byelorussians. For the latter, the designation White Ruthenians would be more appropriate, since in the Latin sources both western groups of the Eastern Slavs are usually called Ruthenians, from the Slavic Rusini which is derived from Rus, and clearly distinguished from Muscovite Russia (Rossiia).

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