By Angus Konstam
The release of HMS Dreadnought in 1906 replaced the face of naval war. This progressive new battleship used to be in a league of her personal, able to taking up any "pre-dreadnought" battleships in a instantly struggle. A naval hands race among Britain and Germany, as either nations hurriedly outfitted a fleet of those robust new warships. This race led inexorably to the outbreak of an international battle. in the course of global struggle I those dreadnoughts shaped the spine of the British Grand Fleet. In may perhaps 1916, those battleships positioned to sea to intercept their opposite numbers within the German excessive Seas fleet. the outcome used to be the conflict of Jutland, a bruising high-stakes come upon the place the layout and development of Britain's progressive new battleships used to be placed to the try. the 1st half-dozen dreadnoughts have been all advancements of the fundamental Dreadnought layout, all wearing ten 12-inch weapons. It was once basically in 1911, with the release of HMS Neptune that the structure of this robust armament was once altered because of sensible adventure. extra models of the Neptune entered provider later that very same yr. those 9 stronger dreadnoughts shaped the center of the British excessive Seas Fleet. they might quickly, even if, be outclassed through a brand new breed of "super dreadnoughts", the topic of the second one quantity during this two-part tale. whereas those new battleships carried higher 13.5-inch weapons, they proved much less winning as all-round battleships than their extra lightly-armed predecessors. Naval architects have been slowly studying that with sleek battleships, layout concerned a compromise among firepower, safeguard and velocity. One final 12-inch gun dreadnought entered provider in 1914, whilst a seven turret battleship being outfitted for the Turks used to be commandeered via the Royal military, and re-named HMS Agincourt. This New leading edge name, the 1st of 2 overlaying those recognized warships will discover the whole tale of the British battleships of global struggle I. The ebook will examine their innovative layout, the 12-inch weapons that supplied them with their firepower, and how those weapons have been fired in anger.
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Additional info for British Battleships 1914-18 (1): The Early Dreadnoughts (New Vanguard, Volume 200)
These were all painted out within weeks of the commencement of hostilities, as it was felt they would help the enemy to identify the vessels. At the same time the medium dark grey colour scheme used on the ships was repainted in a lighter grey. From 1912 onwards the navy made a number of attempts to deal with the problem posed by smoke obscuring the bridge and fire control positions in the masts. Some funnels were heightened, and later in the war clinker caps or funnel caps were added, which largely solved the problem.
In late 1916, Neptune had a clinker screen fitted to her forward funnel, and her twin searchlight mountings were replaced by single ones. During this refit her after fire control position was removed. Colossus Class In 1912 the fore funnel was raised on these two dreadnoughts, in a successful attempt to solve the problems caused by billowing smoke. At the same time added protection was provided to the secondary battery positions. In Hercules this took the form of small gun shields, while on Colossus her guns were protected by drop-down mantlets.
The resulting information was read out on the totalizer, which produced readings of total deflection as well as information on wind or spotting corrections or the degree of ‘lead’ required. This information was then transmitted both electro-mechanically and by telephone to the gun director. There the data would be translated into gun bearing and information. This would then be transmitted to the gun turrets, where the information would be used to train the guns. Another problem was that on a typical 12-inch gun dreadnought the barrels of ‘A’ and ‘Y’ turret could be as much as 400 feet apart.