By Lucas Davi, Ahmad-Reza Sadeghi
This booklet presents an in-depth examine return-oriented programming assaults. It explores a number of traditional return-oriented programming assaults and analyzes the effectiveness of safety options together with deal with area format randomization (ASLR) and the control-flow regulations carried out in defense watchdogs resembling Microsoft EMET.
Chapters additionally clarify the main of control-flow integrity (CFI), spotlight some great benefits of CFI and talk about its present weaknesses. numerous superior and complex return-oriented programming assault ideas akin to just-in-time return-oriented programming are presented.
Building safe Defenses opposed to Code-Reuse Attacks is a superb reference device for researchers, programmers and execs operating within the safeguard box. It presents advanced-level scholars learning laptop technology with a finished evaluation and transparent realizing of significant runtime attacks.
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Additional resources for Building Secure Defenses Against Code-Reuse Attacks
We believe that this is due to the fact that many PC platforms still did not strictly enforce DEP thereby allowing attackers to launch conventional code injection attacks. However, in 2010, the first returnoriented exploit targeting Adobe PDF has been discovered . From there on, a number of return-oriented exploits have appeared [9, 16, 28, 38]. More distantly related to return-oriented programming is the concept of JITspraying attacks . These attacks allow an adversary to return to code she injected via a script.
In: Proceedings of the 4th USENIX Conference on Offensive Technologies, WOOT’10 (2010). id=1925004. 1925011 2. : Jump-oriented programming: a new class of code-reuse attack. In: Proceedings of the 6th ACM Symposium on Information, Computer and Communications Security, ASIACCS’11 (2011). 1145/1966913. 1966919 3. : Solaris non-executable stack overview. com/gbrunett/entry/ solaris_non_executable_stack_overview (2007) 4. : When good instructions go bad: generalizing return-oriented programming to RISC.
If any of these return addresses points to a non-call-preceded instruction, the program is terminated. ROPGuard’s only heuristic under category ➁ is for validating that the stack pointer does not point to a memory location beyond the stack boundaries. While doing so prevents return-oriented payload execution on the heap, it does not prevent traditional stack-based return-oriented attacks. 3 ROPecker ROPecker is a Linux-based approach suggested by Cheng et al.  that also leverages the LBR register set to detect past execution of gadgets.