By Philip Grierson
This ebook covers levels of the coinage, gold, silver, and copper coinage, kinds and inscriptions, and ruler representations. Tables of values corresponding with quite a few occasions within the empire's historical past, a listing of Byzantine emperors, and a word list also are supplied.
Read or Download Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection Publications) PDF
Best antiques & collectibles books
Morgan discusses the foundation of the emerald, its extraordinary constitution, and its unusual attract. the tale weaves throughout numerous continents and hundreds of thousands of years. it's a story of conquistadors, treachery, shipwrecks, and alchemy. alongside the best way, we meet scientists and kings and undergo witness because the nice emeralds are born, mined, smuggled, reduce, and offered.
Because the moment quantity in a accomplished encyclopedia of natural reactions, this paintings presents an elaborated description of the experimental tools used for the oxidation of alcohols to acids. It provides vital information on attainable interferences from conserving teams and practical teams, in addition to on strength side-reactions.
This brief booklet teaches you ways to take aside and reassemble your Beretta 92S with self belief. because of transparent Assembly/Disassembly directions and crisp images - aided by way of gun specialist J. B. Wood's sage recommendation - you are going to shop a dear journey to the gunsmith through studying your gun in and out!
With the conquest of Granada in 1492, Ferdinand of Aragón and Isabelle of Castile grew to become the 1st rulers of all Spain. the invention of the hot global within the related 12 months placed them answerable for gigantic, formerly untapped assets. whilst their Hapsburg grandson got here to the throne in 1516 as Charles I of Spain—later to control the Holy Roman Empire as Charles V—Spanish sovereignty increased nonetheless extra, for Charles introduced together with his as his paternal inheritance the duchy of Burgundy, together with the Netherlands the place he was once born.
- Between Exile and Return: S. Y. Agnon and The Drama of Writing (Suny Series in Modern Jewish Literature and Culture)
- Massad Ayoob's Greatest Handguns of the World Volume II
- Origami Jewelry: More Than 40 Exquisite Designs to Fold and Wear
- Encyclopedia of Geochemistry, 1st Edition
- Airplanes of the Second World War Coloring Book (Dover History Coloring Book)
- His Forge Burns Hot for Mosaic Damascus
Extra info for Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection Publications)
72 g 12 Copper Follis Half-follis Decanummium Pentanummium Nummus 288 576 1152 2304 11520 43 II. 55 g; purity falling to 70% Au, eventually 11% Au 1 ca. 27 to 3 g 12 ca. 13 g, were also struck. The full-weight nomismata were called histamena. **In the 11th century, fractions of 2/3 and 1/3 miliaresion were also struck. III. 55 g; 85% Au, (concave) eventually ca. 55 g; 6 to 2% Ag, eventually pure Cu 48 (eventually 288 to 384) Tetarteron (flat) ca. 4 g Half-tetarteron (flat) ca. ) 44 IV. The Period of the Basilicon and the Assarion Metal Denomination Gold Hyperpyron nomisma (concave) Silver Basilicon (flat) Billon Tournesion (concave) Copper Trachy (concave) Assarion (flat) Weight/Purity Exchange Ratio 60 to 50% Au 1 ca.
Petersburg. The Schindler collection, amounting to nearly 2,500 coins, was particularly rich in copper coins of the sixth and seventh centuries, with an exceptionally good coverage of dates, mints, and officinae. In addition to these major acquisitions, many individual coins, and groups of coins, were acquired during this period from dealers and at coin auctions, mainly on the European mainland. The funds for virtually the whole of this extraordinary expansion were provided by the Blisses. The sorting and labeling of these great numbers of coins, and the disposal of non-Byzantine material and the very large amount of duplicates that the acquisition of collections en bloc inevitably entailed, took up much of Grierson’s time between 1956 and 1963.
2:1 (see Fig. 13) Second in importance to the representations of Christ are those of the Virgin, which, after occasional appearances in the tenth century (Fig. 23), proliferate on coinage from the 1030s onward. The emperor Romanus III (1028–34) had a particular devotion to the Virgin, founding in Constantinople the monastery of St. Mary Peribleptos and bringing to light an old icon of the Theotokos Nikopoios (literally, “the Mother of God who brings victory”) in the church of the Blachernae. The Virgin is represented on coins in various manners: as a bust or standing figure with hands raised in the traditional gesture of prayer (Blachernitissa; Fig.