Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection by Philip Grierson

By Philip Grierson

This ebook covers levels of the coinage, gold, silver, and copper coinage, kinds and inscriptions, and ruler representations. Tables of values corresponding with quite a few occasions within the empire's historical past, a listing of Byzantine emperors, and a word list also are supplied.

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72 g 12 Copper Follis Half-follis Decanummium Pentanummium Nummus 288 576 1152 2304 11520 43 II. 55 g; purity falling to 70% Au, eventually 11% Au 1 ca. 27 to 3 g 12 ca. 13 g, were also struck. The full-weight nomismata were called histamena. **In the 11th century, fractions of 2/3 and 1/3 miliaresion were also struck. III. 55 g; 85% Au, (concave) eventually ca. 55 g; 6 to 2% Ag, eventually pure Cu 48 (eventually 288 to 384) Tetarteron (flat) ca. 4 g Half-tetarteron (flat) ca. ) 44 IV. The Period of the Basilicon and the Assarion Metal Denomination Gold Hyperpyron nomisma (concave) Silver Basilicon (flat) Billon Tournesion (concave) Copper Trachy (concave) Assarion (flat) Weight/Purity Exchange Ratio 60 to 50% Au 1 ca.

Petersburg. The Schindler collection, amounting to nearly 2,500 coins, was particularly rich in copper coins of the sixth and seventh centuries, with an exceptionally good coverage of dates, mints, and officinae. In addition to these major acquisitions, many individual coins, and groups of coins, were acquired during this period from dealers and at coin auctions, mainly on the European mainland. The funds for virtually the whole of this extraordinary expansion were provided by the Blisses. The sorting and labeling of these great numbers of coins, and the disposal of non-Byzantine material and the very large amount of duplicates that the acquisition of collections en bloc inevitably entailed, took up much of Grierson’s time between 1956 and 1963.

2:1 (see Fig. 13) Second in importance to the representations of Christ are those of the Virgin, which, after occasional appearances in the tenth century (Fig. 23), proliferate on coinage from the 1030s onward. The emperor Romanus III (1028–34) had a particular devotion to the Virgin, founding in Constantinople the monastery of St. Mary Peribleptos and bringing to light an old icon of the Theotokos Nikopoios (literally, “the Mother of God who brings victory”) in the church of the Blachernae. The Virgin is represented on coins in various manners: as a bust or standing figure with hands raised in the traditional gesture of prayer (Blachernitissa; Fig.

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