By Peter Van Weert, Marc Gregoire
This fast reference is a condensed reference consultant to the basic facts constructions, algorithms, and services supplied by means of the C++ average Library. extra in particular, this can be a compact number of crucial periods and services, utilized by C++ programmers every day. The C++ average Library fast Reference beneficial properties center sessions for strings, I/O streams, and numerous commonly used boxes, in addition to a accomplished set of algorithms to control them. lately, the C++11 and C++14 criteria have further much more effective box sessions, a brand new strong ordinary expression library, and a conveyable multithreading library that includes threads, mutexes, variables, and atomic variables. remember the fact that, it truly is challenging to understand and keep in mind the entire percentages, info, and intricacies of this large and transforming into library. this useful reference advisor is accordingly necessary to any C++ programmer. It bargains a condensed, well-structured precis of all crucial elements of the C++ general Library, together with all aforementioned performance. No page-long, repetitive examples or imprecise, hardly used beneficial properties. as a substitute, every thing you must recognize and beware of in perform is printed in a compact, to-the-point kind, interspersed with well-chosen, clarifying examples. The booklet doesn't clarify the C++ language or syntax, yet is offered to somebody with uncomplicated C++ wisdom. Even the main skilled C++ programmer notwithstanding will examine a specific thing or from it and locate it an invaluable memory-aid.
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Extra resources for C++ Standard Library Quick Reference
Moving An object can be moved elsewhere (rather than copied) if its previous user no longer needs it. Moving the resources from one object to another can often be implemented far more efficiently than (deep) copying them. For a string object, for instance, moving is typically as simple as copying a char* pointer and a length (constant time); there is no need to copy the entire char array (linear time). Unless otherwise specified, the source object that was moved from is left in an undefined but valid state and should not be used anymore unless reinitialized.
The main takeaway here is that to correctly forward arguments of a function template to a function, you should consider using perfect forwarding—that is, a forwarding reference combined with std::forward(). info CHAPTER 2 ■ GENERAL UTILITIES Swapping The std::swap() template function swaps two objects as if implemented as: template
5) Generate random non-negative integral values according to a certain probability density function. 0) Generates random numbers according to a normal, also called Gaussian, distribution. The parameters specify the expected mean and standard deviation stddev. In Figure 1-1, μ represents the mean and σ the standard deviation. 0) Some more advanced normal-like distributions. Figure 1-1. 0) Various distributions related to the classical Poisson distribution. The latter is illustrated in Figure 1-1, where λ is the mean (which for this distribution equals the variance).