Cattle behaviour and welfare by Clive Phillips

By Clive Phillips

Farm animals are considered one of our significant domesticated animals, a better mammal with complicated psychological and actual wishes. the good thing about an information of farm animals behaviour capacity veterinarians and stockpeople can know irregular behaviour indicators for affliction analysis and indication of an insufficient setting. This publication replaces the e-book livestock Behaviour, written by means of an analogous writer and released through Farming Press in 1993. The textual content has been revised and up-to-date and 4 new chapters on livestock welfare were further. the most curiosity of many examining a ebook on behaviour is its relation to the welfare of the species, so the combo of welfare and behavior is a logical one

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Sales are invariably by auction, and there is no doubt that the markets perform an important social function for farmers, many of whom live in isolated areas. Most purchases are by farmers themselves, or agents who purchase on behalf of farmers or abattoirs. Much of the detail of requirements for abattoir lairage applies to market pens. Cattle should not be overstocked, mixing should be avoided, and electric goads should only be used if absolutely necessary and applied only to the hindquarters.

Calves that are moved at an early age are up to five times more likely to become ill than calves that are not moved (Webster, 1984). Separation at one day of age can impair social development, with calves separated later, at, say, two weeks of age, having greater response to other calves when they are older and also gaining more weight (Flower & Weary, 2001). Confinement causes a build-up of motivation for locomotor activity (Jensen & Kyhn, 2000; Jensen, 2001). In a comparison of pens of 56, 66 and 76 cm width, Wilson et al.

The risks of poisoning become more severe in a drought, as cattle attempt to find additional fodder, similarly their search for water may lead them into dangerous places. , 1998). , 1996). Drought management requires considerable skill if the long-term viability of the unit is to be maintained. Overgrazing may satisfy the nutritional requirements of undernourished cattle temporarily, but in the long term the plant growth capacity is likely to be reduced. Selling unthrifty stock is normally advised for financial reasons, keeping the most valuable breeding stock or those that can gain weight rapidly when conditions improve.

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