By Michael I. Goran
Childhood weight problems has reached epidemic proportions within the usa and maintains to extend in incidence in just about all nations during which it's been studied, together with built and constructing nations world wide. The motives of weight problems are complicated and multi-factorial. youth weight problems turns into a life-long challenge in general and is linked to long-term persistent sickness possibility for quite a few ailments together with sort 2 diabetes, heart problems, non-alcoholic fatty liver sickness, in addition to psychosocial as concerns and weight problems turns out to impact virtually each organ method within the physique.
In fresh years there was great growth within the realizing of this challenge and in techniques for prevention and therapy within the pediatric years. Childhood weight problems: reasons, results, and Intervention Approaches provides present experiences at the complicated challenge of weight problems from the multi-level factors all through adolescence earlier than maturity and the results for this for long term sickness possibility. It experiences a variety of forms of options which have been used to handle this factor from traditional medical administration to worldwide coverage suggestions trying to adjust the worldwide panorama of nutrition, meals, and actual task. every one bankruptcy is written by way of an international authority in his or her respective box with a spotlight on reviewing the present prestige and up to date developments.
The e-book beneficial properties info on contributing components to weight problems, together with developmental origins, social/family, beginning cohort reviews, effect of ethnicity, and international views. It takes a life-course method of the subject material and contains exhaustive remedy of contributing components to early life weight problems, comparable to overview, environmental components, food and nutritional elements, host elements, interventions and therapy, results, and extra motion for destiny prevention. This vast diversity of subject matters appropriate to the speedily altering box of early life weight problems is appropriate for college students, health and wellbeing care execs, physicians, and researchers.
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Extra resources for Childhood obesity: causes, consequences, and intervention approaches
Pediatr Obes. 2013;8(6):411–7. 48. Banks GG, Berlin KS, Rybak TM, Kamody RC, Cohen R. Disentangling the longitudinal relations of race, sex, and socioeconomic status, for childhood body mass index trajectories. J Pediatr Psychol. 2015;pii:jsv062. 49. Evans GW, Kim P. Multiple risk exposure as a potential explanatory mechanism for the socioeconomic status-health gradient. Ann NY Acad Sci. 2010;1186(1):174–89. 50. Rundle A, Hoepner L, Hassoun A, Oberfield S, Freyer G, Holmes D, et al. Association of childhood obesity with maternal exposure to ambient air polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during pregnancy.
Although this is discussed in further detail in Chapters 18 through 20, this topic is briefly covered in this chapter as it pertains to the childhood obesity risk in low-SES minority children residing in urban environments. Toxic chemical exposures in the air, soil, and water have only recently been implicated as possible determinants in childhood obesity. Although the mechanisms behind how pollutants contribute to childhood obesity are not well understood, there is a consensus that exposures during early development may have the biggest impact on obesity during childhood.
Pediatrics. 2003;112(4):900–906. 23. Katzmarzyk PT, Barreira TV, Broyles ST, et al. Relationship between lifestyle behaviors and obesity in children ages 9–11: Results from a 12-country study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015;23(8):1696–1702. 24. Mekary RA, Feskanich D, Malspeis S, Hu FB, Willett WC, Field AE. Physical activity patterns and prevention of weight gain in premenopausal women. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009;33(9):1039–1047. 25. Stevens J, Murray DM, Baggett CD, et al. Objectively assessed associations between physical activity and body composition in middle-school girls: The trial of activity for adolescent girls.