By Roy Quantick
Climatology - quite the examine of inauspicious and important climatic conditions - is of significant significance to pilots now that aeroplanes fly over formerly unavailable routes comparable to the North Pole and take direct routes over very huge oceans.Existing books on climatology deal with actual, organic or cultural environments and don't provide enough info for the pilot. Nor do the current books on aviation meteorology supply adequate element on topics comparable to arid climates, tropical storms and higher tropospheric winds and temperatures.This new ebook concentrates on elements of climatology which are very important for contemporary aviation, together with temperature, precipitation, sunlight radiation, winds and nearby climatic environments from round the world.Although the ebook has been written with the airline pilot in brain, it's going to even be an important reference for Air delivery Pilot Licence education employees and for ATPL scholars. it is going to even be of curiosity to operational path making plans employees and scholars of climatology.
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Additional resources for Climatology for airline pilots
The trade-wind inversion increases in height towards the equator. The inversion will break down in the event of an active ITCZ, easterly waves, or tropical cyclones. (After Riehl, 1954). doldrum zone is located in the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. In March to April it stretches 16 000 km from East Africa to 180” longitude and it is again very extensive during October to December. The trade-wind inversion at low level can have unfortunate effects on cities near its source regions. One classic example in summer is when a low-level inversion spreads over Los Angeles and very effectively stops any vertical exchange of air from taking place.
The land masses are then warm and exhibit low pressure. The meridional temperature gradient becomes weak. In the winter, the meridional temperature gradient is much greater, and the zonal flow is therefore much stronger because the landmasses are colder. This produces an east-west orientation of the pressure cells. This pattern is not recognised to the same degree in the southern hemisphere because of the lower superficial landmass. There is one additional phenomenon in the general air circulation in the northern hemisphere which must be given special attention, and this is the monsoon that affects the Indian subcontinent.
1. Thickness charts are normally drawn for the 1000-500 mb layers. 1 shows hypothetical contours of the 1000 and 500mb pressure surfaces. The thickness of the 1000-500 mb layer is proportional to its mean temperature low thickness values correspond to cold air, high thickness values correspond to warm air. Remember that warm air has ‘expanded’ giving greater absolute height level for level (for pressure levels) than in cold air. The theoretical wind vector (V,) blowing parallel to the thickness lines, with a velocity proportional to the temperature gradient, is termed the thermal wind.