By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop
Every year, 740 000 humans die due to armed violence. It more and more exploits a hyperlink among clash and crime and undermines our possibilities of achieving the Millennium improvement objectives. This ebook may help reduction donors - either coverage advisors and programme employees - to remodel strong phrases into solid programmes which can finally support lessen armed violence globally. desk of content material : government precis advent bankruptcy 1. what's Armed Violence? bankruptcy 2. Armed Violence tendencies and Programming Gaps bankruptcy three. Armed Violence aid (AVR) and Prevention and the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy four. tests: utilising the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy five. Programming Implications and methods Annex A. AVR and different OECD-DAC Priorities Annex B. Examples of neighborhood tools for AVR Annex C. extra Examples of oblique Programming Bibliography
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Extra info for Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development (Conflict and Fragility)
G. Bogota, Medellín and Cali) were guided fundamentally by solid monitoring and regular mapping of “hot spots”. An emerging lesson is the utility of mapping actual patterns and relationships shaping armed violence, identifying key risk and protective factors, and adapting and monitoring interventions. Multi-sectoral and multi-level efforts led by community groups and governments are yielding promising results – Many AVR initiatives have gradually developed into multi-sector and multi-level programmes.
For example, it can rapidly spread across territorial borders, such as during clashes between rival pastoralist groups, or among criminal groups that traffic arms from country to country across the Horn of Africa. Meanwhile less visible, organised international criminal syndicates, diaspora groups and criminal gangs can also directly influence the localised dynamics of armed violence. Armed violence is deeply gendered. Across all societies, young males are the most common perpetrators, as well as victims, of armed attacks.
AVR AND THE ARMED VIOLENCE LENS – 49 should play an important role in the design of AVR programming, much of which is likely to target this group. Women, both as perpetrators and victims, offer an alternative perspective on the risk factors associated with violence, as well as on the various manifestations of violence – many of which may not be experienced by men. In sum, these lessons show that narrow programming responses will not do. It is not sufficient to focus only on controlling the weapons, or on the perpetrators, or on fixing institutional weaknesses.