Cyrus the Great (Ancient World Leaders) by Samuel Willard Crompton

By Samuel Willard Crompton

In the course of his time, Cyrus used to be proclaimed the best chief of his period and, probably, of the traditional international. a lot of what we all know approximately him comes from items of the outdated testomony, the Babylonian Chronicle, and the writings of historic historians Herodotus and Xenophon. via those writings from his associates and foes, we assemble a view of this outstanding guy. although he might be in comparison to Julius Caesar and Genghis Khan for his army accomplishments, Cyrus used to be additionally a grasp at international relations and tact. He welded jointly teams of individuals as disparate as Afghani tribesmen and Turkish farmers, growing the 1st international empire recognized within the Western global. His legacy within the center East lives on, for he was once the chief who initiated the Persians' and Iranians' nationwide destinies greater than 2,000 years in the past.

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It seemed that King Nebuchadnezzar was God’s instrument. , Nebuchadnezzar brought the Babylonian army right up to the gates of Jerusalem. King Jehoiakim had not sent the proper tribute to Babylon (as King Jehu had done with the Assyrians long ago). Nebuchadnezzar subdued the city and took both the king and about 5,000 Hebrews, most of them leading merchants and politicians, into captivity in Babylon. Thus began what the Hebrews called the Babylonian Captivity; the expression has since been used to describe any long form of exile or punishment.

The Lydian kingdom, based in what is now central and western Turkey, had been a ­small-­time power just a hundred years The World Cyrus Knew earlier, but the discovery of gold and silver mines in the Turkish hills had changed everything. Lydia had become the richest of all Middle Eastern kingdoms; its leaders were among the first anywhere to have their image stamped on coins. Lydia had neither the vast population of Egypt nor the great land space of Babylon, but its wealth and the skill of its cavalry (Lydian horsemen were considered the best of the time) suggested it was a power on the rise.

The rivalry between mountain people and lowland ones was one of the most consistent themes of ancient history, with many battles and wars 42 From Prince to King fought between the two.  . Of nations, they honor most their nearest neighbors, whom they esteem next to themselves; those who live beyond these they honor in the second degree; and so with the remainder, the further they are removed, the less the esteem in which they hold them. The reason is, that they look upon themselves as very greatly superior in all respects to the rest of mankind.

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